- Leader of left-wing social democrats
- Co-founder of the KPD
- Murdered by the Freikorps in January 1919
Rosa Luxemburg is doubtlessly the most famous socialist among German speakers. The brilliant theoretician and rhetorical genius was a leader of the left wing of the workers’ movement. During the November Revolution, she pushed for a councils-based republic and was a leading figure of the Spartacists and the KPD. In January 1919, she was murdered by the Freikorps.