- Member of the National Assembly and the Reichstag
- Founder and chair of the Arbeiterwohlfahrt (workers’ welfare association)
Marie Juchacz became a member of the SPD’s executive committee during World War I, after the USPD split off from the SPD in 1917. In 1919, she became a member of the constituent National Assembly and was then a member of the Reichstag from 1920 to 1933, without interruption. She promoted gender equality vigorously, taking on the role of editor-in-chief at the Social Democrats’ women’s magazine Die Gleichheit. In December 1919, Juchacz founded the Arbeiterwohlfahrt (AWO) association, which still exists today with over 40,000 members. Marie Juchacz became honorary chairwoman of the AWO after the Third Reich and her return from exile in 1949.