- Theoretical physicist
- Inventor of the theory of relativity
- Laureate of the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics, bestowed in 1922
Albert Einstein is considered one of the 20th century’s greatest minds. In 1916, he published his theory of general relativity, which revolutionized theoretical physics. In 1917, he was named director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics. In 1921, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. However, he did not actually receive the prize until 1922. During the Weimar era, Einstein became active in politics, alongside his scientific work. Accordingly, he worked to promote the founding of the left-wing liberal DDP party in 1918 and was a member of the league for human rights. Together with other Weimar-era intellectuals, he signed the Urgent Call of 1932 for a joint alliance of left-wing forces against national socialism. After the Nazis seized power, he went into exile, continuing his teaching and research at the elite American university Princeton.