Proclamation of the Councils’ Republic in Munich [VU]
8 – 14 April
The thirty-third session of the National Assembly, from 1:25 to 4:37pm Report by Finance Minister Schiffer (DDP) on the budget’s income and expenditure items in the “Bill concerning the adoption of a national budget and budget for the Schutzgebiete for the financial year 1919”. [DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 105-126]
Resignation of the “Socialization Commission” appointed on 18 November 1918 due to insurmountable differences with the government. [UB]
The thirty-fourth session of the National Assembly, from 10:52am to 1:32pm and 3:50 to 6:37pm Report by Reichministerpräsident Scheidemann (SPD) on the conclusion of negotiations concerning the arrival of Polish troops in Gdansk, followed by demands for a just peace. Statement by Foreign Minister Graf Brockdorff-Rantzau on the unfavourable development of the peace negotiations (loss of Alsace-Lorraine, occupation of Gdansk, threat of losing Northern Schleswig i.a.) and justification of the budget for the Foreign Ministry (which was to be enlarged), followed by a far-reaching political debate between the DVP and the USPD instead of a debate on the budget. [DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 127-180]
The Berlin architect Walter Gropius is retroactively appointed - from 1 April - Director of the University of Fine Arts in Weimar.
The thirty-fifth session of the National Assembly, from 1:26 to 6:47pm
Government representatives answer various questions: The Reich assumes costs for damage caused by pillaging in Leipzig; ouster of the Prince-Bishop of Wroclaw (then Breslau) by the Czechoslovakian Government; internment of certain troop units abroad; alleged planned closure of universities in some individual states; better care for disabled veterans and surviving dependants and taking action against agricultural plundering.
Deliberations and rejection of the Bill to introduce daylight saving time, as energy-saving effects are disputed. Deliberation and unanimous adoption of the “Bill concerning the training of war veterans to become judges ”, i.e. so that they may be admitted even after having studied law for a shorter amount of time (due to the war). Deliberation and unanimous adoption of the “Bill concerning the amendment of the War Tax Act of 21 June 1916”. [DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 181-220]
The thirty-sixth session of the National Assembly, from 10:28am to 2:10pm Deliberations on the “Bill concerning the regulation of the potash industry” with an in-depth debate on the objectives and consequences of socializing the potash mining industry. [DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 221-247]
Walter Gropius creates the “Weimar State Bauhaus” from the merger of the University for Applied Arts and the school of artistic crafts. He intends to use the new institution to eliminate the division between art and crafts. Bauhaus masters working here include Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger, Gerhard Marcks.
The Imperial Association of German Industry is officially established in Berlin. [UB]
The thirty-eigth session of the National Assembly, from 2:22 to 6:48pm
At the request of the Bavarian State Minister of the Interior Erhard Auer (SPD) regarding improvements in the food situation, Food Minister Robert Schmidt (SPD) reports on measures to deal with i.a. illicit trading, the sugar shortage, rising prices as a result of strikes (esp. by bank clerks and miners), the preferential allocation of supplies to cities, increases in food imports, the increase in the flour quota, and the cessation of egg rationing. Debate ensues, focussing mainly on the legitimacy of the ongoing strikes. [DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 248-292]
The thirty-eighth session of the National Assembly, from 9:50 am to 2:52 pm.
Government representatives answer various questions:
Civil servants’ concern after their cost-of-living allowances become graduated; combating the lack of housing i.a.
Deliberation on the “Bill establishing 1 May as the national holiday” with a debate between the USPD and the DVP about making the 9 November a public holiday (the start of the November Revolution), proposal from the Center Party for a “day of penance and mourning”. The 1 May 1919 is to be celebrated as a “people’s rally for political and social progress, for a just peace, for the immediate release of prisoners of war, the evacuation of occupied areas and for complete equality in the League of Nations”. Final decision regarding this holiday is postponed.
Deliberation and adoption of the “Bill concerning a simplified form of legislation for the purposes of the transition economy”, i.e. authorising the government to issue decrees in order to reduce the burden on the National Assembly.
Deliberation and adoption of the “Bill regulating the potash industry” after extensive debate.
[DNV, Vol. 3, pp. 293-332]