7 - 14 August
Conservative Prime Minister of France, Raymond Poincaré, advocates a new policy for dealing with Germany at the reparations conference in London. The “productive pledges” policy aims to compensate for Germany’s reparations moratoriums by seizing German factories. Great Britain tolerates this move as Germany is becoming less and less inclined to pay the reparations.
[Kolb, p. 51/352]
Guidelines are published by the Minister of the Interior that are to contribute to a civic education in the interests of the democratic, republican society. They envision the cooperation of German schools and universities in protecting the republic.
[Overesch/Saal, p. 175]
Reichspräsident Friedrich Ebert declares the “Deutschlandlied” the national anthem of Germany on the day of constitutional celebrations. The right-wing parties refuse to accept 11 August as the national holiday, demanding that it be 18 January instead, the day the Kaiserreich was founded.
[Overesch/Saal, p. 176]