4 - 5 September
The government enacts two emergency decrees with the aim of boosting the economy and combating deflation. The emergency decree of 4 September aims to lower the burden on businesses by means of tax vouchers, thereby ensuring growth and new jobs. These incentives for businesses are supplemented on 5 September with another emergency decree whereby employers are allowed to lower their employees’ wage by up to 20% from hours thirty-one through forty as long as they also actually hire more workers. These decrees do manage to create noticeable economic growth but primarily serve businesses interests and are criticized by the employees’ groups.
[Kolb, p. 477-478]
The KPD parliamentary group lodges two motions to repeal the emergency decrees of 4 and 5 September and to dissolve the Reichstag. At the request of communist member Torgler, the motions are brought forward on the agenda. Reichskanzler Papen is taken aback by these developments and is late in responding to the imminent vote. He responds by standing up and placing the decree to dissolve the Reichstag on the desk in front of Göring. President of the Reichstag Göring (NSDAP) does not react to the Reichskanzler’s request to speak and continues the vote. Of the 560 votes counted, 512 members of the Reichstag vote in favor of the KPD’s motion. Although the vote is immaterial under constitutional law as Göring ignored the Reichspräsident’s decree, it is nevertheless a severe setback for the Papen government. The lack of support for the Reich government is highlighted by the vote in the Reichstag. The Reichstag is dissolved nevertheless. New elections are planned for 6 November. [Winkler, p. 523-524]
The Reich government declares it is terminating its participation in the World Disarmament Conference convened by the League of Nations. [Büttner, p. 469]
The right-wing governments in Anhalt and Dessau force the Bauhaus to move from Dessau to Berlin.
[Büttner, p. 797]